Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau (5 October 1715 – 13 July 1789) was a French economist and the father of Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau. In order to distinguish him from his son, he is often referred to as the elder Mirabeau.
Victor came from a wealthy family and fathered Honoré in 1749. It is said that upon the birth of his disfigured son, the first words said to him were "Do not be alarmed". The relationship between father and son was poor. After Victor obtained a commission in the army for his son in 1767, the latter soon became involved in an affair with his colonel's wife. Upon learning of this, Victor acquired a lettre de cachet and him imprisoned on Île de Ré.
Throughout Honoré's life, Victor often had him imprisoned. When the former ran for election to the Estates-General of 1789, he attempted to win his father's support by dedicating a book about the Prussian monarchy to him.