Sokrates (470/469 BCE – 399 BCE), also spelled Socrates,[1] was an ancient Greek philosopher from Athens credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy. He was the teacher of Plato.

During his lifetime, he befriended the Misthios, an infamous Spartan mercenary, becoming somewhat of a mentor to them.[2]

In 1511 or 1512, the Assassin Mentor Ezio Auditore da Firenze retrieved a copy of Aesop's Fables in Constantinople attributed to him.[1]

Personality and characteristics

As an exceptional rhetorician who dominated political debates, Sokrates earned the respect of the intelligentsia of Athens. He was a fervent advocate of the democratic principles of his native state,[2] and his prolific contributions to the philosophical tradition of Greece has left a lasting legacy which continued to reverberate as late as the days of the Ottoman Empire and beyond.[1] Outspoken and courageous, he also boasted an extraordinary capacity for liquor.[2]