During the French and Indian War, the Shawnee sided with the French Army, their traditional trading partners, in the hope it would stop the British Army encroaching on their hunting grounds in Pennsylvania and Virginia. They participated in the attack on the Braddock Expedition with the Abenaki and Lenape.
During the American Revolutionary War, many Shawnee remained neutral, although some sided with the British because they still distrusted the colonists. After the war, like many indigenous peoples, the Shawnee were forced to leave their lands and migrate to Oklahoma.
- Alsoomse was a member of the Shawnee Nation.
- Daniel Boone regularly came into conflict with the Shawnee, and recounted one of his encounters to the Kanien'kehá:ka Assassin Ratonhnhaké:ton.