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Shanghai massacre of 1927

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Concurrent

Chinese Civil War

Shanghai massacre of 1927

Beginning

April 12, 1927

Location

Shanghai, Republic of China

Outcome

Beginning of the Chinese Civil War

Belligerents

Kuomintang (KMT) & the Green Gang and other Shanghai gangs

Communist Party of China (CPC) & Shanghai labor union militias

Commanders

The Shanghai massacre of 1927 was the violent suppression of Communist Party organizations in Shanghai by the military forces of Chiang Kai-shek and conservative factions in the Kuomintang, the Chinese Nationalist Party.

This event marked the end of KMT's four-year alliance with Soviet Russia and its cooperation with the Chinese Communist Party. Following the initial incident of 12 April 1927, conservative KMT elements carried out a full-scale purge of their former Communists allies in all areas under their control. The purge led to an open split between KMT left and right wings, with Chiang Kai-shek establishing himself as the leader of the right wing at Nanjing in opposition to the original left-wing KMT government.

During the remainder of 1927, the Communists launched several revolts in an attempt to win back power, marking the beginning of the Chinese Civil War. With the failure of those revolts, the Chinese Communist Party's eclipse was complete; it was two decades before they were able to launch another major urban offensive and eventually drove Chiang's forces out of mainland China to Taiwan.

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