The Russian Revolution was a period of upheaval in the early 20th century, which led to the downfall of Tsarist autocracy and to the creation of the Soviet Union, eventually causing the breakup of the Russian Empire. While known as the Russian Revolution, it was composed of a series of smaller revolutions between warring factions within the changing Russian nation.
February revolution of 1917Edit
Following Nicholas II's loss of the Imperial Sceptre, the Tsar's influence over the populace dwindled. As a result, Russia was thrown into a period of severe economic inflation from the excessive printing of money during the bloodbath of World War I.
The people rebelled against the tyrannical Tsarist regime, and the Tsar, seeing that there was no way for him to retain control over Russia, agreed to step down from the throne. Following his abdication, the Provisional Government took over for eight months.
October revolution of 1917Edit
Seeing an opportunity in the increasingly turbulent situation of the former Russian Empire, Russian Socialist leader Vladimir Lenin decided to ignite his own Communist revolution against the Provisional Government. Lenin's Bolsheviks (Russian Socialists) seized power over the country and declared peace between the German Empire and the newly-formed Russian Soviet Socialist Republic, the precursor to the Soviet Union. This took Russia out of World War I and plunged it into an even bloodier five-year-long civil war.
Russian civil warEdit
However, some loyalists of the old Tsarist regime still remained in Russia well into 1918, and they incited yet another revolution, managing to organize the secession of several eastern Federal provinces from the SFSR, bringing Russia into yet another conflict.
The Tsarists were supported by several major nations such as France, Britain, the USA and Japan, though all hope for a restoration of the monarchy was destroyed when the Bolsheviks, on Lenin's orders, executed the former Tsar and his family. In the end, the Bolsheviks prevailed and took power in Russia, though Lenin would not live to see it, as he died in 1924.
Following the end of the Russian Civil War, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or USSR, was established by the Bolsheviks, containing most of the territories of the old Russian Empire. This set in motion a chain of events that would contribute to Joseph Stalin's rise to power.