The Roman Empire was the successor state to the Roman Republic and a continuation of its culture, civilization, and military power, which it handled through an Imperial autocracy. At its largest extent, the Roman Empire encompassed the Mediterranean Sea and controlled territories in Europe, Asia, and Africa.
- "They have taken from us, from Roma, but now is not the time to respond. We must regroup. Plan. Prepare for what is sure to come."
- ―A Liberatore on the future of Rome, 42 BCE.[src]
After a long period of internal strife in the Roman Republic, the Roman general Gaius Julius Caesar named himself dictator of Rome in 49 BCE, supported in secret by the Templar Order.. In 44 BCE, Caesar was killed by a group of Assassins calling themselves Liberatores, led by Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus.. Caesar's adoptive son, Octavian, subsequently formed an alliance to hunt down the dictator's killers. During Battle of Philippi, Brutus and his conspirators were defeated. Octavian gradually dissolved the Republic and took on the name Augustus, thus founding the Roman Empire.
One of Caligula's successors, Nero, was renowned for his supposed tyranny and extravagnace. It is rumored that he intentionally started the Great Fire of Rome in 64 CE in order to build his lavish Golden Palace. Nero committed suicide in 68 CE, ending the Julio-Claudian dynasty of emperors.
The Flavian dynasty of emperors was founded by Vespasian, who ruled from 69 CE to 79 CE. He undertook several great construction projects, including the Colosseum, a large amphitheatre built atop a Isu Temple. He was succeeded by his son, Titus, who crushed a Jewish rebellion and sacked Jerusalem.