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Richard I of England

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"We come into the world kicking and screaming; violent and unstable. It is what we are, we cannot help ourselves."
―King Richard I.[src]
Richard I
Richard I of England
Biographical information

8 September 1157
Beaumont Palace, Kingdom of England


6 April 1199 (aged 41)
Châlus, Duchy of Normandy

Political information


Real-world information
Appears in

Assassin's Creed
Assassin's Creed: The Secret Crusade

Voice actor

Marcel Jeannin

Richard I of England (1157 - 1199), commonly known as Richard the Lionheart, was the King of England from 1189 until his death in 1199. He was also the commander of the Crusader army during the Third Crusade, and was considered a great military leader and warrior.


Early lifeEdit

Born as the third of five brothers, Richard was not expected to be King, and so he was raised in northern France instead, which belonged to the King of England at the time. As a result, Richard spoke very little English.[1]

When his two elder brothers died without children of their own, Richard was the next in line and became heir apparent. Even before he became King, Richard had earned the nickname "Lionheart" for his ferocity and utter fearlessness in battle.[1]

Third CrusadeEdit

Richard landed in Acre on 8 June 1191, quickly forcing the city to surrender to the Crusaders.[1] Later that year, Richard departed Acre with his army to move south, and left William of Montferrat as Regent Lord of Acre, unaware that William was secretly a member of the Templar conspiracy who intended to betray him.

Fortunately for the oblivious Richard, William was killed by the Assassin Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad soon after Richard had left Acre.[2]

Under Richard, the Crusaders eventually reached Arsuf, where they engaged Saladin's army. Here they were approached by Altaïr, the Assassin responsible for killing not only William of Montferrat, but also the leaders of the Knights Hospitalier, Garnier de Naplouse, and of the Knights Teutonic, Sibrand.[2]

AC1 Altair Richard

Richard and Altaïr at Arsuf

Altaïr then claimed that Robert de Sable, Grand Master of the Knights Templar and one of the generals working alongside Richard, intended to betray the king. However, Robert insisted that Altaïr's story was merely a ruse to keep Richard from interfering in the Assassin's mission.[2]

Unsure on who to believe, Richard left the decision in the hands of God, declaring that Robert and his Templars were to fight Altaïr in a trial by combat. Altaïr proved the victor, and so Richard accepted the Assassin's version of events.[2]

Richard and Altaïr then discussed the philosophies of war and peace, with Richard admitting that he was not yet ready for peace with Saladin. As Altaïr left, saying that he needed to confront the faults of his Master, Richard reminded him that Al Mualim was merely human, just as he was.[2]

Characteristics and personalityEdit

William Assassination 1

Richard arguing with William

Richard was a man strong in faith, and relied upon God for crucial decisions. He did, however, seem tolerant towards non-believers, as Altaïr denying the help of God in his victory against Robert did not trouble him.[2]

Richard believed that mankind could never change. In his mind, the only way for him to bring peace was for his men to crush their enemies, Saladin and the Saracens.[2]


  • When observing King Richard through Eagle Vision, he appeared to be red, which implied that he was an enemy despite appearing to be friendly or at least neutral towards Altaïr.
  • Richard could be attacked, but he would not die whenever such an attack was initiated. In order for Altaïr to do this, one soldier must be thrown towards Richard, and upon standing up, the soldier would try to attack Altaïr from inside the Animus' barrier, but would hit Richard instead. This would force him outside of the barrier, and from there, Altaïr could attack him but not kill him.
  • In the Animus 1.28, Richard was portrayed with a French accent, which was likely attributed to him being raised in France.


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