Ramesses II (c. 1303 BCE – 1213 BCE), also known as Ramesses the Great or Ousirmaatre Setepenre, was a pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt, generally considered the greatest and one of the most famous of all pharaohs. In the 1st century BCE, a light bow was named after the pharaoh's throne name.
- Ramesses II is included in the "Obelisks" mnemonic set from the first chapter of the "Rome" pack as he was the original builder of four of the Obelisks in Rome, most notably the Flaminio Obelisk. It was moved from Heliopolis to the Circus Maximus in Rome on order of Emperor Augustus in 10 BCE. It was found and restored in 1587 by Pope Sixtus V, and re-erected in Piazza del Popolo.