Egypt is a transcontinental country situated at the northeast corner of Africa with a land bridge to Asia via the Sinai Peninsula. Famed as one of the earliest human nation states, it hosts one of the longest histories of any modern sovereign state. Because it is geographically dominated by deserts, its civilization developed along the fertile banks of the Nile River that empties into the Mediterranean Sea on its north coast.
According to legends, Isis, the mother of all Egyptian gods, owned the Ankh and used it to protect the kings of Egypt from harm. After some time, Osiris, Isis' lover, passed away. Isis then used the Ankh to revive him for one night, and during this night, Horus was conceived. From there, the Ankh was left in a pyramid for 200 years, until it was taken away by Roman plunderers to their home city.
Joseph, one of the founders of the twelve tribes of Israel, was sold into slavery in Egypt by his brothers as they were jealous that he had inherited the Shroud of Eden from their father. Joseph became the Pharaoh's chief minister, forgave his brothers and invited their families to live in Egypt. The Pharaoh after Joseph's death became concerned by the Hebrew population and enslaved them. Moses, a prince, eventually liberated the slaves by using a Staff of Eden and led them back to the Levant.
In 49 BCE, the Medjay, Bayek of Siwa, embarked on a quest of vengeance against the Order of the Ancients, a precursor to the Order of the Knights Templar responsible for the death of his son. In a span of two years, Bayek hunted the members throughout Egypt, allying himself with the pharaoh Cleopatra in the process. After the Battle of the Nile in 47 BCE, where Cleopatra allied herself with the Julius Caesar and seemingly with the Order of the Ancients, Bayek formed an organization with his wife Aya and associates he gained throughout his journey, soughting to protect the freewill of the people. Later that year, they named their organization the Hidden Ones, which would later become the Assassin Order.
By 1257, Darim Ibn-La'Ahad and the family of his brother Sef had moved to Alexandria. The family was still present in 1511, as one of Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad's descendants, Iskender, had become Mentor of the Egyptian Assassins. Ezio Auditore da Firenze, Mentor of the Italian Assassins, sent apprentices from Constantinople to prevent his execution. The Egyptian and Ottoman Assassins also worked to recover Memory Seals from the destroyed library of Alexandria.
In 1757, the Templar Haytham Kenway traveled to Egypt to rescue his friend Jim Holden, who had been captured in Damascus while freeing Haytham's half-sister, Jenny Kenway, from slavery. Haytham discovered Holden at the Abou Gerbe monastery on Mount Ghebel Eter, where Coptic priests turned boys into eunuchs. Holden had already been castrated: enraged, Haytham burned the monastery and killed the priests, before carrying his friend to safety.
On December 9, 2012, William Miles, the de facto leader of the worldwide Assassin Order, went to Cairo to find the third and final power source for the Grand Temple, which was on display in a museum in the city. Despite his attempts to go unnoticed, the Templars discovered his location and captured him. After that, they sent William and the artifact to Abstergo Industries' facility in Rome, Italy.
In 2017, Abstergo employee Layla Hassan was instructed to go to Egypt to find an important ancient artifact in the Qattara Depression. Layla instead found the mummies of Bayek of Siwa and Aya of Alexandria and used their DNA to relive their memories using her portable Animus HR-8 to prove her worth to the Animus Project. When she doesn't check in with her supervisors they send people after her. After dispatching her attackers using the skills she learnt through the Bleeding Effect she is later found by William Miles who offers her a position with the Assassins. Layla agreed but refused to join as a member, they both later leave for Alexandria.
- Assassin's Creed 3: Accipiter (first appearance)
- Assassin's Creed 4: Hawk
- Assassin's Creed 5: El Cakr
- Assassin's Creed 6: Leila
- Assassin's Creed: Desert Oath
- Assassin's Creed: Origins