Philip II, named Philip Augustus (French: Philippe Auguste; 21 August 1165 – 14 July 1223), was King of France from 1180 to his death and the first to hold that title.
During the late 12th century, Philip established different markets and fairs in what was called Les Champeaux, which would later evolve into Les Halles. He would also inaugurate the Louvre as a fortress. While at war with King John of England, his worst enemy, Philip employed Eustace the Monk as a mercenary. During the French Revolution, Philip's hair was stolen by the official Charles Brulay, who sold it at auction.