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The Peloponnese is a peninsula in Greece which comprises the southern half of its mainland. Named after the Greek hero Pelops, the region is home to not only Sparta, one of the most powerful poleis in the classical era, but also the Olympic Games in Elis.

Since that era, the Peloponnese has been subdivided into five regions: Argolis, Lakonia, Arcadia, Korinthia, Elis, and Achaia. Geographically, the peninsula is virtually an island; it is connected to the rest of the Greek mainland only by the narrow Isthmus of Korinth where the eponymous city Korinth sits.