Memphis was the capital of Egypt during the Old Kingdom. For millennia afterwards, it remained one of the greatest economic centers of the country until the Ptolemaic dynasty when it diminished in the face of Alexandria. Alongside Giza, it was located on the west bank of the river Nile and was home to many famous tombs and landmarks, including the Great Pyramids and the Great Sphinx.
In 48 BCE, the Medjay, Bayek of Siwa, travelled to the city in search of the Lizard, a member of the Order of the Ancients. There, he met with Pasherenptah, the High Priest of Ptah, who had been struggling to deal with the 'curses' that plagued the city and his wife, believed to have been caused by The Lizard.