Linus Carl Pauling (28 February 1901 – 19 August 1994) was an American chemist, author and educator.


Pauling spent part of his early career studying the structure of proteins. In the early 1950s, he theorized that DNA was built in a triple helix. At the same time, Clinton B. Rosenburg of the Chemistry Life Foundation reported Pauling's findings to an executive of the Templar corporation Abstergo Industries. Rosenburg himself was impressed with the triple helix theory, and offered the executive to play a more direct role in encouraging Pauling's research.[1]

X-ray images produced by Rosalind Franklin initially appeared to confirm his theory. However, this was because Franklin's DNA samples contained small traces of First Civilization DNA, and the true nature of the triple-helix was kept secret by Abstergo.[2] After Rosenburg passed on Franklin's X-ray images to Francis Crick and James Watson, the latter two put forward a theory of a double helix, publicly invalidating Pauling's triple helix theory.[1]