John the Baptist (d. 31/36 CE), born Yôḥānān (Hebraic name), was an itinerant preacher, and a major religious figure who baptized Jesus Christ. He led a movement of baptism at the Jordan River, and held leadership over many disciples.
During the Renaissance, the famed polymath Leonardo da Vinci painted a portrait of John the Baptist, modeled after his apprentice, Salaì. A few other paintings of John were displayed in Ezio Auditore da Firenze's painting galleries, often depicting him with Jesus.
- The Venetian church, the Santa Maria della Visitazione, was rededicated after the Virgin Mary's visit to John's mother, Elizabeth; it was previously dedicated to the patron saint Jerome.