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James Wolfe

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"General Wolfe will give that craven Montcalm a right thrashing."
―Christopher Gist, 1758.[src]
DeathOfGeneralWolfe

The Death of General Wolfe, by Benjamin West

James Wolfe (2 January 1727 – 13 September 1759) was a British Army officer, best remembered for his victory and death at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham in 1759 during the Seven Years' War.

BiographyEdit

By 1758, the British planned to capture Louisbourg, specifically the fort there. Doing so would allow the Royal Navy to sail down the Saint Lawrence River unhindered, allowing the British to take Quebec and Montreal. For the Siege of Louisbourg, Wolfe, Charles Lawrence and Edward Whitmore were appointed to lead three divisions of the Royal Navy, supporting Major General Jeffery Amherst.[1]

In the meantime, the Colonial Assassins and Adéwalé prepared a preemptive strike by the French Navy, which would cripple the Royal Navy's assault. Noting this, the Colonial Templars Haytham Kenway, Christopher Gist and Shay Cormac assisted British captain James Cook in destroying the French fleet and the fireships sent by Adéwalé aboard his ship, the Experto Crede. Due to the Templars' efforts, the British were able to take Louisbourg.[1]

In 1759, the British Army besieged Montreal. Rather than await reinforcements, the French commander, Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, chose to attack the British at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. The battle resulted in a decisive British victory, although both Montcalm and Wolfe died. With Montreal taken by the British, the Seven Years' War ended within four years, and France was forced to cede most of its colonies in eastern North America.[2]

TriviaEdit

  • The Death of General Wolfe by Benjamin West could be seen in the Davenport Manor. The painting also features William Johnson, although he was never present at the scene depicted.

ReferencesEdit

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