Iran, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, and previously known as Persia, is a country in the Middle East.


The Templars were active in the Achaemenid Empire, helping King Darius I overthrow the imposter Gaumata,[1] and then aided his son Xerxes I in his invasion of Greece in 480 BCE.[2] A proto-Persian Assassin named Darius killed Xerxes in 465 BCE, which also marked the first recorded use of the Hidden Blade.[3]

The Order of the Ancients bequeathed a Staff of Eden to the Greek King Alexander of Macedon around 335 BCE, enabling him to seize the Persian Empire.[1]

During the 8th century, a Persian scholar by the name of Hammad Ar-Rawiya wrote the Mu'allaqat, a collection of Pre-Islamic Arabic poems that he had memorized by heart.[4]

In the 10th century, a Persian poet named Ferdowsi wrote the "Shahnameh" ("The Book of Kings"), a monumental epic relating the history of Persia from the creation of the world until the Islamic conquest.[4]

By 1090, Hassan-i Sabbāh established the Levantine Assassin Brotherhood in the fortress of Alamut.[1] In 1162, Hassan the Younger, the leader of the Levantine Assassins at the time, sent one of his subordinates, a man who would later be popularly known by his title of Al Mualim, from Alamut to establish the fortress of Masyaf in the An-Nusayriyah Mountains of Syria.[5] Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad fled to Alamut with his family following his exile from Masyaf in 1227. During his time at Alamut, Altaïr discovered six Memory Seals beneath the fortress.[6]

During the 12th century, Attar of Nishapur, a traveling scholar and poet, returned to his native Persia to spread the knowledge he had obtained in his travels. Later, Attar fell victim to the seemingly unstoppable spread of the Mongol Empire. In April of 1221, the Mongols entered the Persian city of Nishapur and slaughtered everyone they came across.[7]

In 1739, the Iranian Shah, Nāder Shāh, acquired a Piece of Eden in the shape of a diamond when he sacked the Taj Mahal. In awe of its splendor, he named it the Koh-i-Noor (Mountain of Light).[8] In 1747, he was killed by the Persian Assassin Salah Bey, but not before the Koh-i-Noor fell into the hands of Ahmad Shāh Durrānī, an Afghan chief. Salah planned to pursue Ahmad in order to claim the Koh-i-Noor for the Brotherhood. However, the diamond remained in Ahmad's possession.[9]

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was Shah of Iran from 1941 to 1979. In 1953, he allowed Abstergo Industries and the Central Intelligence Agency to overthrow Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddegh to protect their oil interests. Four years later, they helped Pahlavi establish the SAVAK, in order to goad his people into submission.[10] In 1979, the Pahlavi Monarchy was overthrown during the Iranian Revolution.