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Hippokrates of Kos (c. 460 BCE – c. 370 BCE), alternatively Hippocrates, was a Greek physician who is widely credited as the "Father of Medicine" for his enduring contributions to the field. He revolutionized medicine by subjecting it to systematic study rather than depending on religious guidance, a methodology that clashed with the orthodox views in Greece during his time.
Religiously devout citizens deemed his secular approach to curing disease impious — as though to attempt to defy what the gods had already willed. Despite this controversy, his efficacy attracted those in need of proper medical treatment who met him in secret for his services if their local area was especially conservative. This also drew several apprentices to him, one of which was Sostratos. Hippokrates was targeted by the Cult of Kosmos, but he was also aided by the Spartan misthios Kassandra, who came to question him about her mother.
In his youth while serving as a healer assistant, Hippokrates met Myrrine, the daughter of King Leonidas I of Sparta, during his travels. Years later during the Peloponnesian War he met Myrrine's daughter Kassandra in Argolis.
- Being regarded as the 'Father of Medicine', Hippocratic Oath derives its name from his; it's the oath that compels a physician to follow specific ethical standards, one of the key principles of which is "do no harm".