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French and Indian War

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"...We need more land! The French understand this, and endeavor to prevent such growth... This is why we ride, to offer them one last chance. The French will leave... or they will die!"
―Edward Braddock, on the cause of the war, 1755.[src]

Previous

1751 Port-au-Prince earthquake

Concurrent

Seven Years' War

Next

1755 Lisbon earthquake

French and Indian War
ACIII-BraddockExpedition 5

Beginning

1754

Ending

1763

Location

North America

Battles

Outcome

Eradication of the Colonial Assassins, British victory in the North American Theatre, Treaty of Paris

Belligerents

Kingdom of France Flag France

Assassins (clandestine)

Wabanaki Confedaracy

Kingdom of Britain - Union Jack Old Great Britain

  • British America

Templar Order (clandestine)

Iroquois Confederacy

  • Catawba
  • Cherokee (before 1758)
Commanders

Louis-Joseph de Montcalm
Kesegowaase
Joseph Coulon de Jumonville
Achilles Davenport (clandestine)

Jeffery Amherst
James Wolfe
George Monro
Edward Braddock
George Washington
Haytham Kenway (clandestine)

The French and Indian War was a military conflict between 1754 and 1763, which took place between the armies and Native American allies of both the British Empire's colonies, and their French colonial counterparts in not only present day United States and Canada but also in the Caribbean and to a lesser extent, the Arctic Ocean.

A theater of the much wider Seven Years' War, the conflict ended with the official signing of the Treaty of Paris on 15 February, and the ceding of Canada and Florida to Britain, ensuring the survival of the Thirteen Colonies.[1]

The war was fought primarily along the frontiers, separating New France from the British colonies spanning Virginia to Nova Scotia. This conflict involved Templars manipulation, with the perpetrators composing of Haytham Kenway, William Johnson, Shay Cormac and others. In contrast, the Colonial Assassins allied themselves primarily with the French-native alliance, and helped them in several conflicts, most notably the Siege of Fort William Henry.[1]

The armies marched their way through different forts during the Braddock Expedition, an ambush led by Edward Braddock.[2]

In 1760, the French Empire sold the west side of New France to the Spanish Empire, that bordered Mexico, which they renamed Spanish Louisiana.[3]

At the end of the conflict, numerous British soldiers were killed, including Edward Braddock, as a result of an assassination plot created by Haytham.[2]

At the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the Thirteen Colonies had successfully conquered New France and expanded into unharmed Indian territory, where they continued to displace the natives. Some indigenous tribes were forced to migrate as far west as Spanish Louisiana, where they presumably assimilated with the local tribes.[2]

The British had also taken over French Canada, that bordered the frontier of Rupert's Land, along with Canada's northeastern islands that bordered the Arctic Ocean and most of the French islands in the Caribbean and the west of Spanish Florida, which the British renamed West Florida. However, they were all separate nations from the Thirteen Colonies. After the war, all that remained of the French Empire in North America were Haiti and the two Caribbean islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique.[2]

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