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Francis Crick

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Francis Harry Compton Crick (8 June 1916 – 28 July 2004) was a British molecular biologist, biophysicist, and neuroscientist, best known for discovering the structure of the DNA molecule in 1953 with James Watson.


In the early 1950s, the head of the Chemistry Life Foundation, Clinton B. Rosenburg, secretly provided Crick and Watson's team with X-ray images of DNA produced by Rosalind Franklin. This was done at the request of a high-ranking employee at Abstergo Industries, a Templar company, and without the permission of Franklin.[1] Crick and Watson subsequently constructed their own double-helix DNA model in their laboratory, based on Franklin's work.[2]

Giving little credit to Franklin, Crick and Watson published their research in 1953, invalidating Linus Pauling's theory of the triple-helix. Without Franklin's research, Crick and Watson would not have reached their conclusions as quickly.[2] Rosenburg however, was skeptical of the double-helix, insisting to his superiors at Abstergo that research into the triple-helix continue.[1]

In 1962, Crick, Watson, and Maurice Wilkins won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Assassin's Creed: Initiates
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Assassin's Creed: Initiates - Modern Times: "Photo 51"

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