The first bridge on this location was built during a lull in the Hundred Years' War, in around 1378. It was named after the small nearby chapel of Saint-Michel (in the enclosure of the Palais du Roi) which also lent its name to the district. It was the first location of a fixed bridge linking the Cité to the left bank. Like all other bridges at the time, it was fragile, and often ravaged by flood waters. At the time of the Revolution, it was lined with 32 houses which would only be demolished in 1809.