Michel de Nostredame was born on December 14, 1503 in Saint-Remy-de-Provence in the south of France. An apothecary, he drafted his first Almanac in 1550, in which he predicted events to come in relatively obscure, rhyming couplets. It was around this time that he began to go by the name of Nostradamus, actually an inaccurate Latin translation of Nostre-Dame. He went on to publish The Prophecies, a work that would effectively ensure his fame and reputation. He was summoned to the court by Catherine de Médicis in 1555. It seems that he predicted the death of Henri II, King of France, correctly foretelling that Henri's skull would be pierced in a duel with his master-at-arms in 1559. In 1564, Charles IX assigned him the role of Physician-in-Ordinary to the king. He died on July 2, 1566 in Salon-de-Provence. *
* Bet he didn't see that coming.