King Charles I was executed at the height of the English Civil war, and the Scots proclaimed his son Charles II to be the new King of England. However, the forces of Oliver Cromwell advanced into Scotland and the young Charles II was forced into exile.
In the aftermath of Cromwell's death, the monarchy began to restore itself. Charles II was proclaimed king in May 1660, and set out for Dover, Kent, to re-enter England. After a settlement between Royalists and Parliamentarians was reached in the Parliament, on April 23, 1661, Charles II headed for Westminster Abbey to be crowned.