Communism is a socialist ideology espousing the creation of a classless and stateless social order structured upon common ownership of the means of production. This social order, termed a communist society, is the hallmark of the various communist schools, which differ based on their socioeconomic and political ideas of how such a society may be established.
Communism as a revolutionary movement emerged in the midst of the Industrial Revolution with the writings of Karl Marx, an economist who was inspired by popular discontent over the rights and conditions of the working class. From Marxism sprung the myriad of offshoot ideologies that became pivotal to the world affairs of the 19th and 20th centuries. Among them was Leninism, named for its founder the Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin, which became the dominant political ideology of the Soviet Union.
Origins of Marxism
Communism arose in the backdrop of the Industrial Revolution where laborers found themselves working in harsh conditions for meager profits and with little protection of their welfare by their governments. Angered by this exploitation of the poor, working class, the philosopher, sociologist, and economist Karl Marx wrote many radical publications throughout his life which culminated in the The Communist Manifesto. This 1848 pamphlet penned in concert with Friedrich Engels proved to be Marx's magnum opus, setting the stage for the communist movement that would involve millions around the world in the succeeding century.
After moving to London in 1849, Marx continued his political activism in spite of suffering the same obstructions by the police there as he did in previous cities such as Cologne, Berlin, and Paris. In 1848, he was befriended by the Assassin twins Jacob and Evie Frye, who aided him in reaching out to his contacts and capturing a mole within his party. Not long afterwards, they helped him steal a factory's reports from its foreman in the hopes of exposing to the public the deadly conditions workers typically operate in.
Before the end of that year, Marx's movement was nearly compromised by an aggrieved communist named Frank Morris. Driven to terrorism by the death of his son, Morris plotted to destroy the Palace of Westminster with a shipment of nitroglycerin stolen from the Templars. His revenge was thwarted by Jacob and Evie, who rescued him from a retaliatory ambush and destroyed the Templars' explosives in their warehouse, but Morris was ultimately killed when a Templar fired at one of the last nitro barrels that the anarchist had attempted to make off with.
Some time later, Evie and Jacob provided protection for Marx as he hosted a rally before an audience of laborers. Criminals of the Blighters gang sought to sabotage the gathering by inciting violence, thereby justifying an attempt on Marx's life. While the twin Assassins located and extracted the troublemakers, knocking them out, and hiding them outside of the meeting, Marx spoke to his crowd. He reminded them that in spite of the unprecedented industrial progress of England, quality of life had not improved at all for the working class behind these advances. Comparing wage labor to slavery and drawing attention to the widening wealth gap, the economist called for the unity of the proletarians in eventually seizing political power for their emancipation. Remaining Blighters, frustrated that Marx had been free to deliver his speech unmolested, fired guns into the air to disperse the crowd and isolate their target. The Assassins leapt into action, dispatching all of Marx's attackers and saving his life.
Communism became the favored form of government in Russia during the Russian Revolution of the early 20th century. The Bolsheviks, a division of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party that split from the Menshevik faction at the Second Party Congress in 1903, rose up against the authoritarian Tsardom in 1917. The Russian Brotherhood of Assassins supported the Bolsheviks and Lenin—whose brother, Aleksandr Ulyanov, was an Assassin—to replace the royal house with a populist government.
After many Russians migrated to the United States in fear of the Industrial Revolution, the fear of socialism and communism grew among the American populace. This became known as the Red Scare, which culminated in the Palmer Raids organized by Attorney General Alexander Mitchell Palmer. Numerous immigrants were arrested on suspicion of spreading radical leftist ideals, and deported back to Europe.
Lenin's successor, Joseph Stalin, was a puppet for the Templar Order, aiding in igniting the Second World War. While the Templar leadership of Abstergo Industries took up an anti-communist perspective towards their employees, they nonetheless used communism as a means to achieve their desired New World Order.
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