- This article is about the basic sword of the Renaissance. You may be looking for the normal sword of the American Revolution.
A common sword was a sword of basic design in Italy during the Renaissance. It was a widely prevalent type of sword, sold across many cities including Florence, Monteriggioni, San Gimignano, Forlì, and Rome. Accordingly, it saw service with the militaries and guards of Europe in that period.
The common sword bore a relatively simple design, being a double-edged straight sword with a typical hilt and crossguard. Compared to swords of other make during the Renaissance, common swords were mediocre and were among the cheapest in Italy. It afforded little protection and hosted one of the weakest of blades.
On 28 December 1476, when the Florentine Assassin Giovanni Auditore da Firenze and his sons Federico and Petruccio were arrested on false charges of treason, he instructed his son Ezio from his cell to retrieve all the contents within a chest left in his office at their villa. Ezio did as he was told, and aside from his father's Assassin uniform, a broken Hidden Blade, and a letter with evidence of the Pazzi conspiracy, he acquired a common sword. The following day during his family's execution at the Piazza della Signoria, Ezio wielded the sword to defend himself from the guards ordered to kill him, only to lose it in the skirmish.
Following his journey to Monteriggioni, Mario Auditore presented him with a replacement. Common swords were also wielded by other figures from the time, including Lorenzo de' Medici, Francesco de' Pazzi, and Rodrigo Borgia. In 1500, upon his arrival in Rome, Ezio was given this sword again by Niccolò Machiavelli as he had lost all of his equipment in Cesare Borgia's assault on Monteriggioni.
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