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Barbara McClintock

Barbara McClintock (16 June 1902 – 2 September 1992) was an American scientist, as well as one of the world's most distinguished cytogeneticists.

McClintock was born in Hartford, Connecticut in 1902. She studied botany at Cornell University, completing every genetic course she could attend. Pursuing her interest in genetics, McClintock focused her research on chromosomes. Eventually, she narrowed her focus further, specializing in cytogenetics.

McClintock's major discovery involved the manipulation and transposition of genes around chromosomes, known as a transposable element. In 1983, McClintock received the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology for her research and discovery of the transposable element.

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