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Baldwin II ceding Al-Aqsa Mosque to Hugues de Payens

Baldwin II of Jerusalem (c. 1060 – 21 August 1131), formerly Baldwin II of Edessa, born Baldwin of Rethel, was the Count of Edessa from 1100 to 1118 and King of Jerusalem from 1118 to his death.

In 1129, the French knight Hugues de Payens transformed the Templars into the publicly recognized military and monastic Order of the Knights Templar, becoming their first Grand Master. Hugues proposed to Baldwin that the Order be trusted to protect pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land. Approving this, Baldwin gave Al-Aqsa Mosque to the knights as their headquarters.

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