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"We are the Auditore da Firenze. We are Assassins."
―Giovanni Auditore da Firenze.[src]

The House of Auditore was branded as an old Italian noble family but was in fact an Assassin lineage. Its prominence in history was relatively short, lasting approximately one to two hundred years, but through its actions, it had a lasting impact on Italian and European politics. One of its most notable members, Ezio Auditore da Firenze, had reformed the Italian Brotherhood of Assassins, liberated Europe from the Borgia's influence, and indirectly helped two of his descendants, Clay Kaczmarek and Desmond Miles, to stop a planetary disaster in 2012.



"To the Auditore that reads this, remember that you are not a nobleman. You are not one of the deceivers, you are one of the people. Avenge us!"
―Domenico Auditore's final message in the Auditore family crypt.[src]

During the late 13th century, the family that would become known as the Auditore lived in the outskirts of Venice. Either around or after 1296, Domenico was inducted into the Assassin Order, under the tutelage of Dante Alighieri.[1]

Following Dante's death, Domenico was tasked by his own father, also an Assassin, with the duty of hiding Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad's Codex in Spain. Domenico’s vessel was ambushed at sea by pirates, under the employ of the Templars, who ransacked the ship and slaughtered the crew, including Domenico’s wife, Isabetta. With only Domenico and his son remaining, he used the bank account details given by Marco Polo, who had recently been murdered by the Templars, to impersonate a nobleman in Florence. There, he took vocal lessons, studied architecture and the classics, and adopted the name "Auditore", after a local minor noble. The family continued to pose as a noble house to conceal their true Assassin identities.[1]

Under Domenico’s guidance, the family constructed the Villa Auditore in the nearby town of Monteriggioni, while Domenico trained his son in how to fight as an Assassin. Together, the Auditore hunted the Templars, and looked to reclaim the Codex pages. Before his death, Domenico detailed his story on a series of engraved stone plates, and had them placed in the Auditore Family Crypt, beneath Monteriggioni.[1]

In 1355, Renato hid, beneath the Villa, the original Shroud of Eden took from the Templars Geoffroy de Charny.

Auditore brothers

A century later, the two grandsons of Renato, Mario, and Giovanni, decided to take different paths. Mario stayed in Monteriggioni to protect the city and lead a group of mercenaries and the Assassins, while Giovanni moved to Florence to become a banker and investigate Templar conspiracies. The two stayed in contact as they searched for the Codex pages.

In 1454, Mario discovered in Monteriggioni a Florentine spy Luciano Pezzati. When he arrested him, he revealed that the condottiero Federico da Montefeltro would besiege the city for the Florentine to reclaim an artifact beneath the city. Mario prepared the defenses of the city and broke the Florentine army. After the battle, Mario decided to recover the mysterious object. With a group of mercenaries, Mario explored the city's catacombs and faced mortal traps which killed some of his men and he even lost his left eye. Afterwards, Mario discovered the Shroud hid by his grandfather a century before. A voice from the artifact convinced the mercenaries they could be healed by the Shroud but Mario refused to use it. His men turned against him and he was forced to kill them. Mario asked his brother to give the artifact to another group of Assassins to protect the city.[2]

In Florence, Giovanni entered in relation with Maria de' Mozzi and in 1452 they were married. They had four children, Federico, Ezio, Claudia, and Petruccio. Maria learned about Giovanni's allegiance and she helped him to keep his secret from his own children. She also became an Assassin. In 1456, Giovanni represented in court Paola, a woman who was charged for the murder of a city guard. Giovanni plead the self defense and won the case. In fact Paola was also the daughter of a couple Assassins who died in sea. Giovanni inducted her in the brotherhood and hired her sister Annetta as a servant. Paola became the Madam of the Rosa Colta which gave information for the Assassins in the city. Years later, he inducted his eldest son, Federico, but decided to delay the induction of Ezio, who was more of a troublemaker and a womanizer during his youth.[1]

Auditore execution

After saving from drowning a young Lorenzo de' Medici, Giovanni becoming a close ally of the Medici dynasty, the rulers of Florence. In December 1476, Giovanni uncovered a Templar plot to weakened the Medici power by Assassinating Lorenzo's ally, Galeazzo Maria Sforza, the duke of Milan. Giovanni tried to foil this plan but he failed. He continued his investigation in Venice where he followed a messenger sent by the Templar Marco Barbarigo but before he could learn anything, the courier committed suicide with Giovanni's blade. Giovanni recovered the letter and asked to his friend Uberto Alberti and his associate Antonio Maffei to decipher it. But the two were in fact Templar allies and decided to say they couldn't decipher the letter and obliged Giovanni to deliver the letter himself to Rome. There, Giovanni met the Grand Master of Templar Order Rodrigo Borgia who proposed that he join his side. Giovanni refused and fought Rodrigo's men but was wounded by a knife thrown by the Grand Master and also broke his Hidden Blade. Giovanni returned in Florence knowing he must be on his guard and began to make a list of the Templar conspirators.[1]

Giovanni had proof that the Templar Francesco de' Pazzi had committed a murder. He decided to charge him knowing his implication in the plot against the Medici. To stop the trial, Uberto, under the command of the Templar, charged Giovanni and his family for treason against the Republic. Giovanni, Federico, and Petruccio were arrested and send to the Palazzo della Signoria. Maria was so traumatized by the arrest of his younger son she became mute. Ezio decided to send his mother and sister in a safe location. Annetta took them to the Rosa Colta and Ezio climbed the Palazzo della Signoria to speak with his father. There, Giovanni told his son to collect what he left in his secret bureau and to deliver any proof of his innocence to Uberto. Ezio returned to his home and recovered his father's Assassin robes, his sword, his broken Hidden Blade, a Codex page, and the list of Templar conspirators. Ezio gave it to Uberto who pretended to help the young man. The Gonfaloniere proposed to shelter Ezio, but he refused and preferred see him for the liberation of his kin. The next day, Ezio went to the Piazza della Signoria and saw the truth: Uberto didn't liberate his family but condemned them, omitting the proof of their innocence he had. Giovanni and his sons were hanged and Ezio tried to kill Uberto but the massive presence of guards obliged him to run.[1]

Ezio's vendetta

Following the deaths of Giovanni, Federico, and Petruccio at the hands of the Templar conspiracy, Ezio decided to assassinate Uberto. He received the help of Paola, who taught him to be stealthy and to hide in the crowd. She also indicated that Leonardo da Vinci could repair his father's Hidden Blade. On the route, Ezio reclaimed the corpses of his father and brothers and gave them proper last rites. Once the Hidden Blade had been fixed, Ezio returned to Paola who informed him that Uberto would be at the Basilica of Santa Croce for an art exhibition of Andrea del Verrocchio. Ezio infiltrated the building, killed Uberto before claiming that the Auditore were not dead and he fled.

After the death of the Gonfaloniere, the remaining members of the Auditore da Firenze fled the city. Claudia, Maria, and Ezio sought refuge in Monteriggioni, under the protection of Mario and his army of mercenaries. On the road the Auditore were attacked by a group of men led by Vieri de' Pazzi, Ezio's rival and also a Templar. But Mario and his mercenaries saved his brother's family and Vieri fled. Mario welcomed his nephew who didn't recognize him and informed him that he knew what happened in Florence. After Mario guided them in the city, Maria, Claudia, and Ezio settled in the Villa Auditore. Discussing with his nephew, Mario discovered that Ezio was not informed about his Assassin heritage and the war with the Templar Order. Ezio only wanted to stay few days in the Villa before leaving with his family for another city, but Mario convinced him to stay to be train in sword fight to protect his family. During a year, Mario trained Ezio and revealed him his father work, the Assassins' goals and their fight with the Templars. Ezio remained on his position to go to Spain to protect his family. Mario, angry, left his considering he ashamed his father death. With his mercenaries, Mario decided to attacked Vieri and his men in San Gimignano. Ezio, feeling guilty for the repeating attacks of Vieri, helped his uncle to infiltrate the city. After stealth approach, Mario and his men fell in an ambush. During this fight, Mario tasked Ezio to find Vieri. On a roof, Ezio saw Vieri with his father Francesco, his Great-uncle Jacopo de' Pazzi and Rodrigo Borgia. He discovered that they planned an attack with soldiers in Florence and they would have a reunion in the city. After the three others fled the city Ezio fought Vieri and killed him.[1]

Returned in Monteriggioni, Ezio informed his uncle of his new information. Mario revealed that Rodrigo Borgia was the Grand Master of the Templar and was responsible for his family death. As Giovanni's only remaining son, Ezio took on his work to find all the codex pages and sought vengeance against Rodrigo and his men who were on his father list. He also began to contribute in restoring the Villa and in financing the rebuilding of large parts of Monteriggioni, Claudia helped him becoming the accountant of the city. To unlocked the Armor of Altaïr, Ezio must search seals in Assassins' tombs through Italy. To help his mother found peace, Ezio collected feathers in memory of Petruccio. On his side, Mario decided to continue Ezio's training on the Assassins' way with the help of others Assassins who would hide their true allegiance to Ezio. Ezio began his revenge in Florence where he stopped the Pazzi conspiracy, which reunited the House of Pazzi and fellows Templars. The conspirators wanted to assassinate Lorenzo de' Medici and his brother Giuliano to take the city. The Templars only killed Giuliano and later Ezio assassinated Francesco de' Pazzi. The Pazzi conspirators fled the city and Ezio tracked them through the Tuscany during two years. He finally found Jacopo de' Pazzi who was betrayed by Rodrigo and wounded to death. During this meeting, Ezio discovered that the venetian merchant Emilio Barbarigo was implicated in the conspiracy. After the two Templars fled the scene, Ezio finished Jacopo's suffering.

In 1481, Ezio arrived in Venice were he planned to kill Emilio, but his palazzo was two heavily guarded. At the same moment a group of thieves tried to infiltrate the palazzo but one of them Rosa received a arrow in the leg. Ezio protected her to the thieves' guild where he met their leader Antonio who was secretly an Assassin. Together, they allied to stop Emilio to unify all the merchants of Venice under his banner. In 1485, Ezio killed Emilio and the thieves took the control of his palazzo. Ezio discovered another Templar ally, Carlo Grimaldi who had a meeting with others Templars, Silvio Barbarigo, Marco Barbarigo, and Rodrigo Borgia. The Templars wanted to kill the Doge of Venice Giovanni Mocenigo and replace him by Marco to take control of the Venetian fleet. Ezio infiltrated the Palazzo Ducale with the Flying Machine of da Vinci but he arrived too late. Carlo already poisonned the Doge and framed Ezio for the murder. Ezio killed Carlo and fled the city. Few months later, Ezio returned in Venice during the Carnevale and killed Marco Barbarigo who was the new doge. Afterwards, Ezio, with the help of the condottiero Bartolomeo d'Alviano, attacked the Arsenale di Venezia and killed Silvio Barbarigo and Dante Moro. The last revealed that the Templar sent a ship to Cyprus to find something.

In July 1488, at Ezio twenty-ninth's birthday, Rosa informed him that the ship returned to Venice the next day. Leonardo also revealed that he deciphered a strange prophecy on the codex pages including a Vault, two Pieces of Eden and a prophet who will be reveal in Venice. Ezio understand that what the Templar searched all this years and what his family was killed. The next days, Ezio followed the guards with the artifact and discovered that Rodrigo would come to take the Apple of Eden. Ezio impersonated a guard to approach Rodrigo. Mario also learned that the Apple was in Venice and decided with others Assassins to see who will be the Prophet. When the group of guard met Rodrigo, Ezio killed his men and confronted the Grand Master saying no Prophet appeared. The Templar claimed that he was the Prophet and began to fight Ezio with others guards. Mario and the others Assassins joined Ezio in the fight. At the moment when Ezio would deliver the killing blow, Rodrigo managed to escape. When Ezio wanted to pursue him, the Assassins restrained him explaining he had important things to do. Ezio didn't understand, the Assassins revealed their true allegiance and said that Ezio was the Prophet. Afterwards Ezio officially joined the Brotherhood.[1]

Searching the Vault

After his induction, Ezio was send by Mario to Forlì to protect the Apple from the Templar. With the Assassin Niccolò Machiavelli, Ezio met the Assassin ally Caterina Sforza, the new lord of Forlì. But when they arrived to the city, the brothers Orsi, two mercenaries hired by the Templars, attacked Forlì to reclaim a map created by Girolamo Riario, last husband of Caterina, which indicated the location of codex pages. After a battle, Ezio succeeded to kill the brothers but was wounded and lost the Apple. Before fainting, Ezio only saw a monk in a black robe with only four fingers at the left hand took the Apple. When he regained consciousness, he decided to track this monk and Caterina gave him the map of her last husband. Later Ezio discovered the identity of the mysterious man, Girolamo Savonarola, an monk from Florence.

In 1491, Ezio was contacted by Antonio who wanted him to help Luis de Santángel and Christoffa Corombo who were in Venice to prepare an expedition to India by the west. The problem was that Corombo was contact by the Templars and wanted to kill him. Ezio saved him, reclaimed his map and asked the two to flee Italy. Santángel informed Ezio that some Assassins in Spain was captured in by the Spanish Inquisition to be judge and executed. Ezio traveled in Barcelona and met the Assassin Raphael Sánchez who help him to saved many Assassins. Ezio discovered that the Templars used the Inquisition to arrest the Assassins and branded them as heretics. Ezio also killed some Templars who led the Inquisition. With the help of Sánchez and Santángel, who was also an Assassin, Ezio stopped an spanish attack on Granada which made an end to the Reconquista. Ezio saved another time Corombo from the Templars and decided to kill Tomás de Torquemada, the first Inquisitor General of Spain, but his target fled. Ezio understood that Torquemada was only a Templar puppet decided to not kill him and returned to Italy.

Once Ezio collected the six seals of the Assassins' tombs, he unlocked the Armor of Altaïr and also a hidden exit via the Sanctuary. He succeeded in healing his mother from her mutism by collecting a hundred feathers.

In 1497, Ezio returned in Florence where Savonarola installed a theocracy with the Apple of Eden. Ezio with the others Assassins started a rebellion and killed Savonarola's lieutenants corrupted by the Apple. In 1498, a mob arrested Savonarola and Ezio reclaimed the artifact. Before leaving the city, Ezio assisted to the execution of Savonarola and he killed him before the fire took his life.

At the end of the year 1499, the Assassins met in Monteriggioni to uncover the truth behind the codex pages. With the Apple, Ezio discovered a map indicating that the Vault was in Rome. Mario understood that the second artifact was a Staff of Eden and that Rodrigo became pope to take it and to be near the Vault. The Auditore with the others Assassins planned to distract the guard of Rome and Ezio would infiltrate the Sistine Chapel to take the Staff. When Ezio tried to kill Rodrigo, a duel began between the Assassin and the Templar where the Grand Master had the upper hand on Ezio. He stabed Ezio, took the Apple and entered in the secret room where the doors of the Vault remained close. Ezio regained consciousness, he followed Rodrigo and provoked him in a fist fight. When the Pope was at his mercy, Ezio spared his life knowing his death would not bring back his family. Ezio entered in the Vault with the Apple and there he met the Isu Minerva who explained him she had a message for someone. She spoke about the beginnings of humanity, the Human-Isu War and the Toba catastrophe. She said that another catastrophe would happen in the future and that they need to find temples to stop this. Afterwards, Minerva disappeared greeting a man name Desmond to succeeded in his mission. Ezio confused ask for more answers but the Isu was gone. Ezio returned in the room where he left Rodrigo but he was already gone. Ezio tried to took the Staff but it disappeared beneath the ground. Mario arrived and helped Ezio to flew the Vaticano keeping the Apple with them.[1]

Liberation of Rome

When they returned in Monteriggioni, Ezio and Mario explained to others Auditore and Machiavelli what happened in the Vault. When Ezio revealed he didn't kill Rodrigo, Machiavelli left the city anger. The next day, Monteriggioni was attacked by the Borgia's forces led by Cesare Borgia, Rodrigo's son. Mario tried to counter the attack with his mercenaries while Ezio used the cannons to protect the city walls. Mario, who protected the Apple, was captured and executed by Cesare and Ezio was shot in the shoulder. With the last citizens, Ezio and Claudia fled by the sanctuary. Wounded, Ezio decided to follow Cesare in Rome to reclaim the Apple. He ordered to his mother and sister to returned to Florence. On the road, Ezio fell unconscious, Machiavelli found him and bring him back in Rome to be heal. When he woke up, Ezio met Machiavelli unaware he was him who saved his life. Together they decided to reform a network for the Assassin in the city. Ezio saw the courtesans of the Rosa in Fiore which her Madam, Madonna Solari was captured by slavers. Ezio decided to pay the ransom but the slavers killed the Madam. When Ezio returned to the brothel, his mother and sister were there. At first anger that they didn't follow his order, Ezio accepted the demand of his sister to run the Rosa in Fiore. With the courtesans, Ezio had information from their clients. Ezio also met the mercenaries of Bartolomeo and the thieves of La Volpe.[3]

In June 1501, Claudia's courtesans discovered that Caterina Sforza, who was captured during the siege of Monteriggioni, was send to the Castel Sant'Angelo. Ezio infiltrated the castel to save her, killed Rodrigo and his son and reclaimed the Apple. But he arrived too late and he only saved Caterina. In his hideout, Ezio understood that Cesare was too powerful to be attack in Romagna where his army stood. Ezio decided to recruit new apprentices for the Brotherhood and diminish Borgia power in Rome. He began the training of Francesco Vecellio that would be the leader of an Assassin team who stroke through Italy. Ezio also killed important Templar targets and destroyed War Machines created by Leonardo da Vinci.

In August 1503, Claudia indentified the person who funded Cesare's army, a man named the Banker. Ezio followed one of his debtor, Egidio Troche, and found that the Banker was Juan Borgia, a cardinal and Cesare's cousin. During the night of his party, Ezio killed him and the coutresans took the money. Afterwards, guards attacked the Rosa in Fiore to reclaim the money but Claudia killed them. Later, Ezio killed Cesare's french ally, Octavian de Valois, who led an army in Rome which protected the Castel Sant'Angelo. Ezio obtained a key of the side entrance of the castel after saving the life of Pietro Rossi who was targeted by Cesare because he was the lover of his sister, Lucrezia Borgia. Ezio also discovered the man who betrayed him during the Siege of Monteriggioni, the thief Paganino who committed suicide with Ezio's blade when he was captured. With this information, Ezio prevented La Volpe to kill Machiavelli, as he believed the traitor was him. Later, Claudia was inducted in the Brotherhood and Machiavelli designated Ezio as the Mentor of the Assassins. After the ceremony, Machiavelli revealed that he helped Ezio all along even if he was not agreed with his methods. At this moment, a spy informed Ezio that Cesare returned to Rome.[3]

When Cesare returned to the Castel Sant'Angelo, Ezio infiltrated the Castel. He saw Cesare killed his own father after the last refused to give the Apple to his son but also tried to poison him. Ezio was informed by Lucrezia that the Apple was at St. Peter's Basilica. The Assassin ran and reclaimed the artifact before Cesare. During the end of the year, Ezio used the Apple to decrease Cesare's army and in December, after Ezio and others Assassins fought with Cesare's lieutenant, the Captain of the Papal Army was arrested by Fabio Orsini for murder, betrayal and incest.[3]

In 1504, after a first attemp to escape his prison, Cesare was transfered in a prison in Spain. Ezio decided to kill after he had a vision with the Apple. While he pursued Cesare, Ezio fought the Borgia diehards who abducted Claudia. After saving her, he send her to Florence to work with Paola. Rosa replaced her at the Rosa in Fiore. During the year Maria died of illness. In 1506, Ezio returned to Rome to prepar a ship to Spain with the help of Leonardo. While he searched Leonardo's apprentice and lover, Salaì, Leonardo was captured by the Hermeticists who searched the Temple of Pythagoras. After retrieved five paintings of Leonardo with the help of Claudia, Ezio found a map leading to the Temple. Ezio killed the leader of the Hermeticists, Ercole Massimo and entered with Leonardo in the Pythagorean Vault which contained the coordinates of a temple. Afterwards Ezio went to Spain with Leonardo and Machiavelli to stop Cesare during the battle of Valencia. But Cesare flew to Viana where a siege was prepared by the Navarre Army. Ezio tracked down Cesare, defeated him and finally let him fall to his death from the wall of the castel.[3]

Working with other Brotherhoods

After the death of Cesare, Claudia returned in Rome and Ezio developped the Brotherhood in Italy. In 1510, Ezio found a letter of his father to Mario which contained information about the Library of Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad. The Mentor decided to travel to Masyaf, the old citadel of the Levantine Assassins. Claudia took the lead of the Italian Assassin during his journey, entering in contact with Desiderius Erasmus who was the Mentor of the Northern European Assassins. In March 1511, Ezio found that the castel was controled by a Templar-affiliated faction of Byzantines. Captured, Ezio escaped from his execution. He discovered that the Library was locked and the location of the keys was in the journal of Niccolò Polo that the Templar captain, Leandros, had with him. Ezio tracked him and killed him. While reading the journal, he knew that the Masyaf Keys were hid by Niccolò Polo in Constantinople during the thirteen century.[4]

Arriving in the city in May, Ezio joined the Turkish Assassins who were led by Yusuf Tazim. The Assassins were in war with the Byzantine Templars for the streets of the city. Ezio recruited new apprentices and defended the Assassin Dens. To find the Masyaf keys, Ezio explored the Polo trading post where a Venetian-Ottoman bookshop owner Sofia Sartor worked. After discovering an hidden path Ezio found the first key and a map indicating lost books in Constantinople which contained informations on the other keys. Ezio gave the map to Sofia who would decipher it and in exchange, he gave her the books. Studying the key Ezio understood that it was an artifact of the First Civilization, a Memory Seal which contained a memory of Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad.[4]

Working with the Assassins, Ezio protected the young Sehzade Suleiman who was targeted by the Templars during a party. Revealing his true nature, Ezio worked with Suleiman to uncover who let the Templars entered. His investigation led him to Tarik Barleti, the captain of the Janissaries, who treat with Manuel Palaiologos, the heir of the Byzantine throne. Discovering that Tarik gave guns and powder to the Byzantines, Suleiman ordered Ezio to kill the captain. In his last moment, Tarik revealed he was not a traitor but a mole, his goal was to destroy the Templars from within. Dying, he demanded to Ezio to pursue his mission in Cappadocia. Informing Suleiman of this, the young man accepted to help Ezio.[4]

Later history

It is unknown how many individuals bore the name of Auditore after the births of Ezio’s two children – Flavia and Marcello. Prior to 1554, the Auditore family regained control of Monteriggioni, though the town was betrayed in 1554 by Giovannino Zeti, the keeper of the garrison and a Florentine exile, who was allowed to return to Florence in exchange for the keys to the city. Though the town was soon conquered by the Medici family of Florence, the Auditore were allowed to continue their leadership over Monteriggioni, due to their good relations with the Medici.[1][3]

Most of the information about the Auditore family was erased from history by the Templar conspiracy, and the name itself, lost over the centuries. The Auditore lineage extended to at least two known descendants of Ezio Auditore in the 21st century; Desmond Miles and Clay Kaczmarek.[1][4]


Family tree

Domenico Auditore
Isabetta Auditore
Renato Auditore
One generation
Ilario Auditore
Giovanni Auditore
Maria de' Mozzi
Mario Auditore
Federico Auditore
Sofia Sartor
Ezio Auditore
Unknown woman
Claudia Auditore
Petruccio Auditore
Flavia Auditore
Marcello Auditore
Unknown generations
Unknown generations
Desmond Miles
Clay Kaczmarek


  • "Auditore" is an Italian word meaning "auditor". An auditor is a person who maintains financial accounts of a business, which was likely a reference to the family's work in banking.
  • The Auditore identified themselves as Roman Catholic, but some members of the family were also atheist. Mario stated that he was "never much of a believer" during his mention of the villa chapel to Ezio, while Maria could be seen praying in her room.[1]
    • Additionally, in the novelization, Maria and Claudia spent their time in a convent instead of Monteriggioni, with Claudia almost becoming a nun.
  • As soon as Ezio was born, his father told him that he was an Auditore and he was a fighter, hinting at the family's Assassin background.
  • If the Palazzo Auditore was visited during the Bonfire of the Vanities downloadable content, Ezio could see his family as a loving memory.[1]



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