After gaining the highest political position in the Roman Republic - the Consul of the Senate - Julius Caesar declared himself the perpetual dictator in 44 BCE. Although Caesar had previously been more hospitable to the members of the Senate, with this new position he began to act more brazenly and without any regard for those he ruled over, refusing even to rise when he addressed the Senate. He also began a much more aggressive military campaign to expand the republic's holdings even further. At the center of the war effort, Rome became a militarized city.
Meanwhile, the Templar Order had also secretly supported Caesar, although he may not have even known of their existence. This attracted the attention of several Roman Assassins, most notably Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus. Together, the Assassins - at least forty of which were also members of the Senate - secretly chose to eliminate Caesar for the good of the people.
In 44 BCE, after Caesar had declared himself dictator-for-life, the Assassins met in a temple hidden beneath what would eventually become Santa Maria in Aracoeli, in the heart of the city. Cassius tasked Brutus with creating the plan for the assassination, and each time the Assassins met in the temple, the conspiracy took shape.
Brutus ultimately chose to attack Caesar when he entered the Senate on the Ides of March, a date that had been presented to Brutus through the strange visions he received while in the temple. In the Senate, Caesar would be alone, without the help of the inner circle and vulnerable to attack. The Assassins chose to act as a group, ensuring that each of the conspirators was devoted to the task.
That day, however, Caesar's wife attempted to convince him not to attend the Senate, delaying his arrival and leading the Assassins to fear that the plot had been found out. Brutus persisted nevertheless, waiting for Caesar at the Senate, and upon his eventual arrival, they attacked him simultaneously.
Although Caesar resisted at first, he soon recognized his former friend and colleague Brutus amongst the crowd and resigned himself to his fate. Caesar was stabbed twenty-three times by the Assassins and died on the Senate floor as the attackers left the building.
After the assassination, the Senate passed an amnesty on the Assassins, which was proposed by Caesar's friend and co-consul Marcus Antonius. Nonetheless, uproar among the population caused the Assassins to flee the city, and the republic soon erupted into series of a civil wars.
Eventually, armies under the command of Caesar's allies clashed with those of Brutus and Cassius at the Battle of Philippi in Macedonia. Faced with certain defeat, the two Assassins fled once more and committed suicide. In the following years, Caesar's grandnephew Augustus took the throne and founded the Roman Empire in 17 BCE.